Guide to the Genoveva de Arteaga Papers
(Bulk 1930s-1980s)

Archives of the Puerto Rican Diaspora
Centro de Estudios Puertorriqueños, Hunter College, CUNY
695 Park Avenue
New York, NY 10021

Phone: (212) 772-5151
Fax: (212) 650-3628

© Centro de Estudios Puertorriqueños, Hunter College, CUNY. All rights reserved.
Centro de Estudios Puertorriqueños, Hunter College, CUNY: Publisher

Processed by Nelly V. Cruz with the assistance of Mónica Morales, November 1991

Machine-readable finding aid derived from a MS Word document dated: 2005. Machine-readable finding aid created by Brian Stevens. Description is in English.

Descriptive Summary

Creator: Arteaga, Genoveva de, 1898-1991.
Title: Genoveva de Arteaga Papers
Dates: 1910-1991, (Bulk 1930s-1980s)
Abstract: Genoveva de Arteaga was a pianist, organist, teacher and choir director. Her Papers can support research in the musical and cultural history of Puerto Rico. The collection also documents the development of musical, literary, cultural, and civic organizations among Puerto Ricans in New York.
The Papers include personal documents, correspondence, flyers, writings, invitations, newspaper clippings, scrapbooks, and photographs.
Quantity: 12.6 cubic feet (14 boxes)
Call Phrase: 1989-01

Historical/Biographical Note

Genoveva de Arteaga Torruellas was a pianist, organist, teacher, choir director, and one of the principal interpreters of Johann Sebastian Bach.

She was born in Ponce, Puerto Rico on October 22, 1898, the youngest of five children and the only daughter of prominent musicians Julio Carlos de Arteaga and Nicolasa Torruellas. She completed primary and secondary schooling in Puerto Rico where she also began her musical training, first at the school of Pedro Moczó Baniet and then in her parents' de Arteaga Academy where she studied piano, musical theory, organ, and voice.

Genoveva de Arteaga traveled frequently to New York as a youngster, accompanying her father to musical engagements. In 1921, she received a scholarship-from the New York College of Music and moved to New York. She graduated in 1922, and stayed on as an instructor for four years. In the meantime, she continued her musical studies and gave concerts at places such as Carnegie Hall and the Waldorf Astoria. In 1923 she married Eduardo Fort with whom she had her only child, Rodolfo.

Returning to Puerto Rico in 1927, de Arteaga began teaching in Santurce High School and working with the Department of Education. Advocating in favor of music education in Puerto Rico, she presented proposals for mandating its inclusion in the curriculum, but these were rejected. In 1929, Genoveva de Arteaga founded the Chopin Music Academy which she also directed. This academy became the prestigious San Juan Conservatory of Music in 1933, and she served as its president until 1937.

Throughout the 1930s, while she resided in Puerto Rico, de Arteaga was active in various cultural and political organizations such as the First Assembly of Puerto Rican Women of the Red Cross which supported nationalist causes. De Arteaga was also active as a writer, collaborating on such publications as Ambito, Poliedro, Verano, El Mundo, La Correspondencia de Puerto Rico, Curso deMúsica, y Lógica Musical among others. At the same time, de Arteaga continued developing her artistic career. She performed as a soloist, for example, with the Puerto Rico Symphony Orchestra and became the first woman to direct an operatic production in Puerto Rico with Pietro Mascagni's Cavalleria Rusticana at the San Juan Municipal Theater.

In 1936, she left on a prolonged tour throughout Europe and Latin America with the Argentine violinist Andrés S. Dalmau whom she would later marry. During this tour, de Arteaga performed in over 2,000 concerts. A biographical book about this tour was written by Hernando Merchand, Hispanoamérica en dos mil conciertos, New York: 1974.

In 1955, after the death of her second husband Andrés S. Dalmau, de Arteaga took up residence close to her family in New York City. Here she resumed her artistic and cultural activities. She served the community by offering free concerts in schools and churches and helped found such institutions as the New York Folkloric Festival, the Baroque Music Society, the Julio C. de Arteaga Music Academy, and the Musical Society of the Friends of de Arteaga in honor of her father. She was a member of numerous professional associations such as the National Guild of Piano Teachers, the American Guild of Organists, and the Choral Conductors' Guild. She was also on the faculty of the New York College of Music and the American Conservatory of Music. In addition, de Arteaga continued to write about music in newspapers such as El Tiempo, and El Diario, and in the magazines Euterpe, which she founded, and Voz Femenina.

Genoveva de Arteaga died on March 1, 1991 in New York City. During her lifetime she did much to encourage the love of music among people, especially youth. She played an important role in promoting Puerto Rican classical musicians and building Puerto Rican musical institutions. Her achievements are not widely recognized, but those who examine her Papers will find that she was an extraordinary woman who well deserves to have her story told.

Scope and Content Note

The Genoveva de Arteaga Papers can support research in the musical and cultural history of Puerto Rico. The collection documents the growth of musical, literary, cultural, and civic organizations among Puerto Ricans in New York.

The Papers include personal documents, correspondence, flyers, writings, invitations, newspaper clippings, scrapbooks, and photographs. The Papers which are primarily in Spanish contain information about her and her husband, Andrés S. Dalmau, as well as her father Julio C. de Arteaga. The collection spans the years from 1913-1991, with the bulk of the papers dating from 1936-1955.


Folders are arranged alphabetically.
The collection has been divided into five series:
I. Biographical and Personal Information
II. Correspondence
III. Writings
IV. Subject
V. Photographs and Scrapbooks


Access Restrictions

Open for research without restrictions.

Use Restrictions

Permission to publish materials must be obtained in writing from the:
Archives of the Puerto Rican Diaspora
Centro de Estudios Puertorriqueños, Hunter College, CUNY
695 Park Avenue
New York, NY 10021

Phone: (212) 772-5151
Fax: (212) 650-3628

Access Points

Subject Names:
Dalmau, Andrés.
de Arteaga, Julio C.
Subject Organizations:
Voz Femenina--Periodical.
San Juan Conservatory of Music.
Subject Topics:
Music, Puerto Rican.
Music--Instruction and study--New York (State).
Music--Instruction and study--Puerto Rico.
Musicians--New York (State)
Musicians--Puerto Rico.
Pianists--New York (State)--New York.
Pianists--Puerto Rico.
Puerto Ricans--New York (State)
Women musicians.
Document Types:

Administrative Information


Gift of Genoveva de Arteaga

Preferred Citation

Published citations should take the following form:

Identification of item, date (if known); The Genoveva de Arteaga Papers; 1989-01; box number; folder number;
Archives of the Puerto Rican Diaspora, Centro de Estudios Puertorriqueños Archives, Hunter College, CUNY

Processing Information

Processed as part of the "Puerto Rican Archives of New York: Arrangement and Description Project" funded by grants from the National Historical Publications and Records Commission and The Aaron Diamond Foundation.

Other Finding Aid

Guide to the Genoveva de Arteaga papers available in Spanish: Spanish Version

Container List

[The following section contains a detailed listing of the materials in the collection.]


Series I: Biographical and Personal Information (1913-1991)

Scope and Content:

Included here are numerous articles about de Arteaga and flyers of her musical performances. The series also contains contracts, diplomas, musical certificates, and personal documents such as her marriage certificates.

Box Folder Title Date
1 1-5 Articles about Genoveva de Arteaga undated, 1932-1991
1 6 Biographical Information 1931
1 7 Contracts and Agreement 1962-1979
1 8-10 Personal Documents 1913-1979
1 11-13 Public Appearances 1933-1984, undated
1 14 Reference Letters 1930-1960

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Series II: Correspondence (1932-1986)

Scope and Content:

The correspondences divided into incoming (1932-1986) and outgoing (1947-1983). Letters from the 1930s, while she lived in Puerto Rico, focus on her cultural activities and include, for example, letters from literary figures such as Nilita Vientós Gastón and Emilio S. Belaval. After this period until 1955, the correspondence is primarily related to her musical tour through Latin America.

In the 1960s and '70s many of the letters deal with the transfer of her father's remains to Puerto Rico and contain appeals to Puerto Rican officials and other prominent individuals. Numerous letters from her son and her brothers provide insight into the living conditions and day to day experiences of Puerto Rican migrants.

2-3   Incoming Correspondence undated, 1932-1986
Box Folder Title Date
3 6-9 Outgoing Correspondence undated, 1947-1983

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Series III: Writings (1936-1976)

Scope and Content:

Consisting of biographical notes on Julio C. de Arteaga, speeches, and other writings, her works reflect the influence of music in all aspects of her life. She wrote articles mainly about Latinos in the arts, particularly classical musicians, which were published in various newspapers and magazines. She wrote a column titled "Conozcamos nuestros valores" for El diario/ La Prensa and El Tiempo. Some of the articles are also found in her scrapbooks.

Box Folder Title Date
4 1 Notes about Julio C. de Arteaga 1936
4 2 Speeches undated
4 3-4 Other Writings undated, 1957-1976

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Series IV: Subject File (1930-1980s)

Scope and Content:

Most of the documents in this series concern her husband, Andrés S. Dalmau, a renowned Argentine violinist. There are articles about him, correspondence, tributes, and other personal documents. The correspondence contains information about Argentine politics.

In addition, the series contains articles about music and Julio C. de Arteaga, flyers, programs, and music scores. There is also material about the Society of the Friends of de Arteaga and about the de Arteaga Music Academy.

Box Folder Title Date
5 1 Articles related to music 1976
5 2 Julio C. de Arteaga 1976
5 3 La Academia Julio C. de Arteaga 1975-1982
5 4 Andrés S. Dalmau. Articles about him 1937-1955
5 5 Contracts and Agreements 1951-1952
5 6 Correspondence 1931-1955
5 7 Personal Documents 1930-1955
5 8 Public Appearances 1943-1950
5 9 Tributes 1927-1952
5 10 Writings undated
5 11 Flyers 1962-1984
5 12 Music Programs 1935-1978
5 13 Music Scores undated
5 14 Poemas 1942
5 15-16 Sociedad Amigos de Arteaga, Inc. 1971-1982

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Series V: Photographs and Scrapbooks (1900s-1980s)

Scope and Content:

The photographs, a visual documentation of de Arteaga's musical career, cover her activities since adolescence. A group photograph from around 1915 shows de Arteaga as a young girl next to the renowned writer and patriot José de Diego. Most of the photographs are of her with her husband, Dalmau, at tributes and concerts. As a testament to her love of teaching, there are numerous photographs of her music students.

The scrapbooks contain clippings of de Arteaga and Dalmau's musical performances. They also contain programs, photographs, postcards, among other items. The scrapbooks are in poor condition and will eventually have to be microfilmed.

Box Folder Title Date
6 1 Genoveva de Arteaga. Portraits 1920s
6 2 With Andrés S. Dalmau 1930s
6 3 With family and friends 1920s
6 4 With her pupils 1960s
6 5-6 At various activities 1910-1950s
Box Folder Title Date
7 1-3 At various activities 1960s
7 4 Julio C. de Arteaga undated
7 5 Andrés S. Dalmau undated
7 6 Family and friends of Genoveva de Arteaga undated
7 7 Unidentified individuals undated
7 8 Other photographic materials undated
8   Awards 1970-80
9-14   Scrapbooks- Genoveva de Arteaga 1921-1969

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