The Puerto Rican population in the United States continues to grow in the 21st century. Between 2010 and 2016, the Puerto Rican population in the U.S. grew by nearly 18 percent, increasing from about 4.6 million to almost 5.5 million. According to U.S. Census Bureau data, in 2016, Puerto Ricans accounted for 1.7 percent of the total U.S population and 9.5 percent of the nation’s Latino population. The rate of growth of stateside Puerto Ricans (17.9%) was more than three times the rate of the U.S. population as a whole (4.7%). Stateside Puer-to Ricans also had a higher rate of growth than non-Hispanic whites (0.3%), non-Hispanic blacks (5.4%), and Latinos overall (13.7%). On the other hand, among Latino national-origin groups, Puerto Ricans (17.9%) and Mexicans (14%) had lower rates of growth compared to Cubans (23.9%), Dominicans (35.3%), South Americans (24.9%), and Central Americans (33.1%). The story is different for Puerto Ricans in Puerto Rico where the population declined continuously from nearly 3.6 million to approximately 3.3 million of Puerto Ricans (-8.3% growth rate) between 2010 and 2016.