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Juan R. Torruella

Juan R. Torruella is an active judge on the U.S. Court of Appeals for the First Circuit. He was born in San Juan, Puerto Rico, and received a Bachelor of Science degree in economics from the Wharton School of the University of Pennsylvania in 1954 and a law degree from Boston University School of Law in 1957. Judge Torruella earned an LL.M. from the University of Virginia School of Law and an M.P.A. from the University of Puerto Rico School of Public Administration in 1984. In 2003, he received a Master of Studies (M. St.) degree in Modern European History from Magdalen College, Oxford University. Judge Torruella was appointed to the U.S. District Court for the District of Puerto Rico in 1974 and served as chief judge from 1982-1984, until his appointment to the First Circuit. He served as chief judge of that court from 1994-2001. Judge Torruella has authored 1,674 published opinions, including 99 concurrences and 149 dissents. He is also the author of two books related to the subject of this conference, The Supreme Court and Puerto Rico: The Doctrine of Separate and Unequal (1984) and Global Intrigues: The Era of the Spanish-American War and the Rise of the United States to World Power (2004), as well as a novel, La sombra larga del sol de mediodía (2009).